Depression is a common mental health disorder that can effect your physical and psychological well-being. Depression affects people in different ways and cause a wide variety of symptoms. Depression causes people to experience low mood, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, suicide , disturbed sleep or appetite, low energy, and poor concentration. Most people go through periods of feeling down or low, depression can last for many months or years. The sooner you seek help, the sooner you can be on the way to recovery.
Anxiety is what we feel when we are worried, tense or afraid – particularly about things that are about to happen, or which we think could happen in the future. Continuous anxiety symptoms can have a negative impact on our thoughts, feelings, behaviours and physical sensations. Anxiety can be triggered by trauma, stress, depression or life events. Everyone has feelings of anxiety at some point in their life - for example , you may feel worried or nervous about up and coming events. Anxiety is a condition that can significantly impact on an individuals life, if untreated.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that occurs in response to exposure to a very stressful or traumatic event. Common symptoms of PTSD include re-experiencing the event in nightmares or flashbacks, avoiding things or places associated with the event, panic attacks, sleep disturbance and poor concentration. Some people in therapy refer to PTSD as depression due to low mood and lack of energy.
Addiction problems, such as drugs or alcohol, may have started as a way to cope with feelings or emotions. Addictions can be triggered by a past, present or future problem. In fact, many addictions can be classified as behavioural addiction by compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli despite adverse consequences. Common behavioural addictions, include gambling, shopping, pornography, sex and gaming addictions.
A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder. It is an extreme form of fear or anxiety triggered by a particular situation (such as going outside or standing in busy public area) or specific objects (such as spiders or animals), even when there is no danger. Common symptoms of phobia’s include, excesive sweating, racing heart or feeling faint - may be frightening in themselves and these are often associated with secondary fears of dying, losing control, or ‘going mad’.
Self-esteem is the opinion we have of ourselves. When our self-esteem is low, we tend to see ourselves and our life in a more negative and critical light. We also feel less able to take on the challenges life throws at us. Low self-esteem often begins in childhood and teenage years. If you have low self-esteem or confidence, you may hide yourself away from social situations, stop trying new things and avoid things you find challenging.
If you are from the UK and need to speak to someone immediately you can call the Samaritans for free on 116 123 from any phone. They operate around the clock, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year service. Anything you tell the Samaritans is confidential; you don’t even have to tell them your name.
You can call NHS 111 if you or someone you know requires urgent care, but it is not life-threatening.
For life threatening cases go to your nearest A&E or call 999 immediately